Wednesday, January 24 2024
Cascade Hop Flavor & Profile
Cascade hops, a beloved variety in the craft beer industry, are known for their distinctive profile and history. Developed in the 1960s, Cascade was released in the early 1970s and is named after the Cascade Range in the western United States. This hop variety is a crossbreed of the English Fuggle and Russian Serebrianka hop varieties. It's particularly popular in American Pale Ales and is also used in a variety of ales and lagers.
The Cascade hop is characterized by its unique blend of flavors and aromas. Commonly, it imparts floral, citrus, and grapefruit notes, with occasional hints of pine and spice. This versatility makes it a favorite for adding both aromatic and bittering qualities to beers. It's known for its spicy citrus aroma with grapefruit elements, contributing to a bright and refreshing flavor profile in beers.
In terms of technical specifications, Cascade hops have an alpha acid composition of 4.5%-8.9%, and a beta acid composition of 3.6%-7.5%. The oil composition includes significant levels of myrcene (45%-60%), which contributes to its citrusy aroma. Cascade hops are also described as having moderate to high growth rates with yields ranging from 1800-2200 lbs/acre.
Cascade hops have a moderate to poor storage stability, but this is often not an issue due to their high demand and large production volumes. They are suited for a wide range of beer styles, including but not limited to Barley Wines, American Pale Ales, and lagers.
Overall, the Cascade hop is a cornerstone of the American craft beer movement, offering a unique and versatile profile that has made it a staple in many breweries.
PNW vs NY Cascade Hop Profile / Flavor
The terroir, or the environmental factors where hops are grown, can significantly influence the characteristics of Cascade hops. While the specific details about the differences in terroir between the Pacific Northwest (PNW) and New York (NY) for Cascade hops are not extensively documented, some general observations can be made.
Cascade hops from the PNW, where they were originally developed and are extensively grown, are known for their distinctive spicy citrus aroma with hints of grapefruit. This is attributed to the unique climate and soil conditions in the region. The PNW is renowned for its hop production, thanks to its optimal growing conditions for hops.
In contrast, Cascade hops grown in New York may exhibit a different profile due to the distinct terroir of the region. The climate, soil composition, and other environmental factors in New York are different from those in the PNW, which can lead to variations in the hop characteristics. For instance, New York's Cascade hops are described as having aromas of orange, grapefruit, Dew Berry, and stone fruits, suggesting a possibly more diverse flavor profile influenced by the local growing conditions.
It's important to note that while terroir can influence hop characteristics, the overall genetic makeup of the hop variety remains the same. Therefore, Cascade hops, regardless of where they are grown, will share certain fundamental traits, but the nuances in flavor and aroma can vary based on the terroir. This concept is similar to how wine grapes of the same variety can produce different tasting wines when grown in different regions.
These differences highlight the importance of considering both the hop variety and the region where it is grown when crafting beer, as each can contribute unique qualities to the final product.
NY Cascade Hops can be purchased here at upstatehops.net, just follow our link to our NY Cascade Hops.